LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS

 

This list of irregular verbs strictlty follows the one given by the dictionary Cleasby-Vigfusson : I spent countless hours correcting errors inserted during scanning. My work might be useful to beginners not yet fully aware of the many form variations of Norse verbs conjugation.

In case you still find a mistake please send me an email and Ill asap include your correction (and your name in a still empty list of helpers if you ask for it).

 

Note that .pdf confuses the i and the , you need to aware of it when looking for words containing an .

The words made of one or two letters may yield large amounts of answers. They are all given with a blank in front. For instance, to find you can look for .

 

You can email me at

yvekod arobase gmail dot com

 

 

Infinitive

(def. = defective)

Pres. sing - Pres. plur. (1st)

Pret. 1st - Pret. 2nd

Pret. plur. 3rd

Subj. Pret. 3rd

Past Part.

aka (to drive)

ek - kum

k -

ku

ki

ekinn

ala (to feed, beget)

el - lum

1 -

lu

li

alinn

auka (to eke, augment)

eyk - aukum

jk -

jku

jyki

aukinn

ausa (to sprinkle)

eys - ausum

js -

jsu

eysi, jysi

ausinn

(bauta, to beat) def.

- bautu

-

 

 

bautinn

belgja (to swell)

def. -

-

 

 

bolginn

bella (to bit) def.

bellr -

ball -

 

 

 

BERA (to bear)

berr -

bar - bart

bru

bri

borinn

berja (to beat)

berr - berjum

bari -

bru

beri

barr, bart

bija (to beg)

bi - bijum

ba - batt

bu

bi

beinn

binda (to bind)

bind -

batt - batzt

bundu

byndi

bundinn

ba (to bide, wait)

b -

bei - beitt

biu

bii

bei

bta (to bite)

bt -

beit - beizt

bitu

biti

bit.inn

bjarga (to save)

bergr - bjrgum

barg - bargt

burgu

byrgi

borginn

bja (to bid)

b - bjum

bau - bautt

buu

byi

boinn

(bjga, to bend)

def. -

-

bugusk

 

boginn

blanda (to blend)

blend - blndum

bltt - blzt

blendu

 

blandinn

blsa (to blow)

bls - blsum

bls - blst

blsu

blsi

blsinn

bleja (to lop) def.

bler -

bladdi -

 

 

 

blkja (to blink) def.

blkir -

 

bliku

 

 

blta (to worship, sacrifice)

blt -

blt - blzt

bltu

blti

bltinn

BREGƉA (to move, draw)

breg -

br - brtt

brugu

brygi

bruginn

brenna (to burn)

brenn -

brann - brannt

brunnu

brynni

brunninn

bresta (to break)

brest -

brast -

brustu

brysti

brostinn

brjta (to break)

brt - brjtum

braut - brautt

brutu

bryti

brotinn

brosa (to smile)

brosi -

brosti -

 

brosi

brosat

brugga (to brew)

def.

 

 

 

brugginn

BA (to abide, make ready)

b - bum

bj - bjtt

bjoggu

bjoggi

binn, bit, b

bylja (to resound) def.

byll -

buli -

 

 

 

bysja (to gush) def.

byss -

busti -

 

 

 

detta (to drop)

dett -

datt - datzt

duttu

dytti

dottinn

deyja (to die)

dey -

d - dtt

d

di

dinn

DRAGA (to draw)

dreg - drgum

dr - drtt

drgu

drgi

dreginn

drekka (to drink)

drekk -

drakk - drakkt

drukku

drykki

drukkinn

drepa (to smite, kill)

drep -

drap - drapt

drpu

drpi

drepinn

drfa (to drive like spray)

drf -

dreif - dreift

drifu

drifi

drifinn

drta (cacare)

drtr -

dreit - dreizt

dritu

 

dritinn

drjpa (to drip)

dryp - drjpum

draup - draupt

drupu

drypi

dropi

drpa (to droop)

drpi -

drpi -

 

drpi

 

drynja (to roar)

drynr -

druni -

 

 

 

duga (to help)

dugi -

dugi -

 

dygi

dugat

dvelja (to dwell, delay)

dvel - dveljum

dvali -

dvlu

dveli

dvalr, dvl, dvalt

dylja (to conceal)

dyl - dyljum

duli -

 

dyli

dulr, dult

dynja (to pair)

dynr -

duni -

 

 

duni

dja (to shake)

dyr - dm

- di

 

 

di

EIGA (to own)

, tt - eigum

tti -

ttu

tti

ttr, tt, tzk

erja (to ear, plough)

er - erjum

ari -

ru

eri

arr

eta (to eat)

et - etum

t - zt

tu

ti

etinn

etja (to goad)

et - etjum

atti -

ttu

etti

att

falda (to fold, hood)

feld - fldum

flt -

fldu

fldi

faldinn

FALLA (to fall)

fell - folium

fll - fllt

fllu

flli

fallinn

FARA (to fare, go)

ferr - frum

fr - frt

fru

fri

farinn

F (to fetch)

f - fm

fkk - fkkt

fengu

fengi

fenginn

f (to polish)

fi -

fi -

 

 

fnn

fela (to hide)

fel -

fal - falt

flu

fli

folginn

ferja (to ferry)

ferr -

fari -

fru

 

farr

feta (to step)

def. -

fat -

ftu

 

 

FINNA (to find)

finn -

fann - fannt

fundu

fyndi

fundinn

fsa (pedere, to fart)

def. -

feis -

 

 

 

fjka (to be driven by the wind)

fk - fjkum

fauk - faukt

fuku

fyki

fokinn

flaka (to gape)

flaki -

flaki -

 

 

flaka

fla (to flay)

fl - flm

fl -

flgu

flgi

fleginn

fletja (to slit)

flet -

flatti -

flttu

fletti

flattr, fltt, flatt

fljta (to float)

flt - fljtum

flaut - flauzt

flutu

flyti

flotinn

fljga (to fly)

flg - fljgum

flaug & fl

flugu

flygi

floginn

flytja (to flit)

flyt - flytjum

flutti

 

flytti

fluttr, flutzk

flja (to flee)

fly - fljum

fl & fli

fl

fli

flyir, flinn

fregna (to ask, bear)

fregn

fr - frtt

frgu

frgi

freginn

fremja (to further)

frem - fremjum

frami

frmu

fremi

framr, frm

freta (pedere) def.

 

frat

 

 

 

frj (to love) def.

 

 

 

 

frjndi

frjsa (to freeze)

frs - frjsum

fraus

frusu

frysi & freri

frosinn & frrinn

fra (to challenge)

fr

fri

 

 

fr

fyrva (to ebb) def.

 

furi

 

 

 

gala (to crow)

gel - glum

gl

glu

gli

gali

gana (to rush)

gani

gani

 

 

ganat

GANGA (to go)

geng - gngum

gkk - gkkt

gngu

gengi

gengit

gapa (to gape)

gapi

gapi

 

 

 

g (to beed, mark)

gi

gi

 

gi

g

GEFA (to give)

gef

gaf - gaft

gfu

gfi

gefinn

geta (to get, guess)

get

gat - gazt

gtu

gti

geti & geta

geyja (to bark)

geyr

g

g

gi

 

gna (to gape)

gn

gein

ginu

gini

gini

gjalda (to pay)

geld - gjldum

gait - galzt

guldu

gyldi

goldinn

gjalla (to yell)

gell - gjllum

gall

gullu

gylli

golli

gjsa (to gush)

gs - gjsum

gaus

gusu

gysi

gosinn

gita (to cast young)

gt

gaut

gutu

gyt

gotinn

gleja (to gladden)

gle - glejum

gladdi

glddu

gleddi

gladdr, gldd, glatt

glepja (to confound)

glep - glepjum

glapi

glpu

glepi

glapr

glotta (to grin)

glotti

glotti

 

 

glott

glymja (to clash)

glymr

glumi

 

glymi

 

gnaga (to gnaw) def.

gnegr

gng

 

 

 

gnapa (to jut out)

gnapi

gnapi

gnpu

 

 

gnella (to yell) def.

 

gnall

gnullu

 

 

gnesta (to crack)

gnestr

gnast

gnustu

 

 

gna (to rub)

gn - gnum

gnri & gneri

 

gnri

gninn

gnyja (o murmur) def.

 

gnuddi

 

 

 

gna (to sound) def.

gnr

gni

 

 

 

grafa (to grave, dig)

gref - grfum

grf - grft

grfu

grfi

grafinn

grata (to greet, weep)

grt - grtum

grt - grzt

grtu

grti

grtinn

gremja (to anger, provoke)

gremr

grami

grmu

gremi

 

grpa (to grasp)

grp

greip - greipt

gripu

gripi

gripinn

gra (to grow)

gr - grm

grri & greri

 

grri

grinn

grfa (to grovel)

grfi

grfi

 

grfi

 

gyggva (to quail) def.

gyggvir

 

 

 

gugginn

GRA, grva, gjrva, gera, geyra, giora (to do)

grr & gri -

gri, - gjri & geri

 

gri

grr, grt, grzk

HAFA (to have)

hefi - hfum

hafi

hfu

hefi

hafr, hf, haft

HALDA (to hold)

held - hldum

hlt - hlzt

hldu

hldi

haldinn

hanga (to hang)

hangi - hngum

hkk - hkkt

hngu

hngi

hanginn

h (to vex)

hi

hi

 

hi

hi

HEFJA (to lift, heave, begin)

hef - hefjum

hf - hft

hfu

hfi

hafinn

HEITA (to be called, promise)

heit & heiti

ht - hzt

htu

hti

heitinn

hemja (to hem, restrain)

hem

hami

 

 

hami

heyja (to perform)

hey

hi

 

hi

hinn

hjlpa (to help)

helpr - hjlpum

halp

hulpu

hylpi

holpinn

hlaa (to build up)

hle - hlum

hl - hltt

hlu

hli

hlainn

hlaupa (to leap)

hleyp - hlaupum

hljp - hljpt

hljpu

hlypi, hlpi

hlaupinn

hljta (to get allotted, must)

hlt - hljtum

hlaut - hlauzt

hlutu

hlyti

hlotinn

hlymja (to dash)

hlymr

hlumi

 

 

 

hlja (to shelter)

hlr

hlyi - hli

 

 

 

hlja (to laugh)

hl - hljum

hl - hltt

hlgu

hlgi

hlegi

hnga (to sink)

hng

hneig - hneigt

hnigu

hnigi

hniginn

hnpa (to droop, crouch)

def.

 

 

 

hnipinn

hnta (to strike against)

def.

hneit

hnitu

hnti

 

hnja (to rivet)

hn

hnau - hnautt

hnuu

 

hnoinn

hnjsa (to sneeze)

hnss

hnauss

 

 

 

hnfa (to chop) def.

 

hnauf

 

 

 

hnggva (to humble)

hnyggr

hngg

 

 

hnugginn

horfa (to look)

horfi

horfi

 

hyrfi

horft

hrekja (to worry)

hrek

hraki

hrku

hreki

hrakr

hrinda (to push)

hrind

hratt - hratzt

hrundu

hryndi

hrundinn

hrfa (to grapple)

hrf

hreif - hreift

hrifu

hrifi

hrifinn

hrna (to squeal)

hrn

hrein

hrinu

hrini

hrini

hrja (to rid, clear)

hr - hrjum

hrau - hrautt

hruu

hryi

hroinn

hrjsa (to shudder)

hrss

hraus

 

hrysi

 

hrjta (to rebound)

hrt - hrjtum

hraut - hrauzt

hrutu

hryti

hroti

hrymja (to weaken)

 

hrumi

 

 

 

hrynja (to fall into ruin)

hryn

hruni

 

hryni

hruni

hrkkva (to recoil)

hrkk

hrkk - hrkkt

hrukku

hrykki

hrokkinn

hverf'a (to rotate)

hverf

hvarf - hvarft

hurfu

hyrfi

horfinn

hvetja (to whet)

hvet - hvetjum

hvatti

hvttu

hvetti

hvattr, hvtt, hvatt

hvna (to whistle)

hvn

hvein

hvinu

 

hvini

hyggja (to think)

hygg - hyggjum

hugi

 

hygi

hugt, hugzt

hylja (to bide)

hyl - hyljum

huli

 

hyli

hulr, hult

hggva (to hew)

hgg - hggum

hj - hjtt

hjoggu

hjoggi

hggvinn

kala (to cool, freeze)

kell -

kl

klu

kli

kalinn

kaupa (to chaffer, buy)

kaupi -

keypti

 

keypti

keyptr, keypzk

kefja (to submerge)

kef -

kafi

kfu

 

kafr

kjsa (to choose)

kss - kjsum

kjri & kaus

kuru & kusu

kjri

kjrinn & kosinn

kl (to claw, scratch)

kl -

kl - kltt

 

 

kleginn

klekja (to batch)

klekr -

klaki

klku

kleki

klakr

klfa (to climb)

klf -

kleif

klifu

klifi

 

kljfa (to cleave)

klf - kljfum

klauf

klufu

klyfi

klofinn

klyfja (to split)

 

klufi

 

 

klufr

klkkva (to sob)

def. -

klkk

klukku

 

 

(knega, to be able) def.

kn, kntt - knegum

kntti

knttu

kntti

 

knja (to knock)

kn - knjum

kni

 

knyi

kninn

KOMA (to come)

kmr & kemr - komum

kom - komt

kmu, kvmu

kmi, kvmi

kominn

krefja (to crave)

kref - krefjum

krafi

krfu

krefi

krafr, krf

kremja (to squeeze)

krem - kremjum

krami

krmu

kremi

kramr, krm

kreppa (to clench)

def. -

 

 

 

kroppinn

krjpa (to creep)

krp - krjpum

kraup - kraupt

krupu

krypi

kropinn

kryfja (to embowel)

kryf - kryfjum

krufi

 

kryfi

krufr

krysja (to crouch)

 

krusti

 

 

 

krytja (to murmur)

 

krutti

 

 

 

krja (to swarm)

 

kri

 

kri

kr

KUNNA (to know, be able)

kann, kannt - kunnu

kunni

 

kynni

kunna

KVEA (to say)

kve

kva - kvatt

kvu & ku

kvi

kveinn

kveja (to call on, request)

kve - kvejum

kvaddi

kvddu

kveddi

kvaddr, kvdd

kvelja (to torment)

kvel - kveljum

kvali

kvlu

kveli

kvalr, kvld

lafa (to dangle)

lafi - lfum

lafi

lfu

lefi

lafat

LTA (to let)

lt - ltum

let - lzt

ltu

lti

ltinn

LEGGJA (to lay)

legg - leggjum

lagi

lgu

legi

lagr, lg, lagt

leika (to play)

leik -

lk - lkt

lku

lki

leikinn

leka (to leak)

lek -

lak - lakt

lku

lki

lekit

lemja (to thrash)

lem - lemjum

lami

lmu

lemi

lamr, lm

lepja (to lap)

lep -

lapi

lpu

lepi

lapit

lesa (to gather, to read)

les -

las - last

lsu

lsi

lesinn

letja (to hold back)

let - letjum

latti

lttu

letti

lattr, ltt

LIFA (to live)

lifi -

lifi

lifu

lifi

lifa

LIGGJA (to lie)

ligg - liggjum

l - ltt

lgu

lgi

legi

LA (to glide)

l -

lei - leitt

liu

lii

liinn

lta (to look)

lt -

leit - leizt

litu

liti

litinn

lj (to lend)

l - ljm

li

 

li

lr

ljsta (to strike)

lst - ljstum

laust

lustu

lysti

lostinn

ljuga (to lie)

lg - ljgum

laug & l - ltt

lugu

lygi

loginn

loa (to stick to)

loi -

loddi

 

 

loat

luma (to keep)

lumi -

lumi

 

 

lumat

lka (to shut, end)

lk - lkum

lauk - laukt

luku

lyki

lokinn

lta (to lout, stoop)

lt - ltum

laut - lauzt

lutu

lyti

lotinn

lykja (to lock)

lyk - lykjum

luki

 

lyki

lukr, lukt, lukzk

lja (to beat soft)

l - ljum

li

 

li

linn

mala (to grind)

mel - mlum

ml

mlu

mli

malinn

mara (to be water-logged)

mari - mrum

mari

mru

 

mara

m (to blot)

mi -

mi

 

 

mr, mzt

MEGA (may, to have might)

m, matt - megum

mtti

mttu

mtti

mtt

merja (to crush)

merr -

mari

mru -

meri

marir, marinu

meta (to tax)

met -

mat - mazt

mtu

mti

matinn

metja (to eat, consume)

def. -

matti

 

 

 

mga (mingere)

mg -

meig - meigt

migu

migi

migi

muna (to remember)

man, mant - munum

muni

 

myni

muna

MUNU & monu (will, shall)

man, mant - munu, monu

mundi & mndi

 

mndi & myndi

 

mylja (to crush)

myl -

muli

 

mli, myli

mulr, mulinn

mgja (to destroy)

def.

mugi

mgu

 

 

n (to reach)

ni -

ni

 

ni

n, nzk

NEMA (to take, learn)

nem -

nam - namt

nmu

nmi

numinn

njta (to enjoy)

nt - njtum

naut - nauzt

nutum

nyti

notinn

RA (to advise, rule)

r - rum

r - rtt

ru

ri

rinn

reka (to drive)

rek - rekum

rak - rakt

rku

rki

rekinn

rekja (to unfold)

rek - rekjum

raki

rku

reki

rakr, rkt, rakzt

renna (to run, flow)

renn -

rann - rannt

runnu

rynni

runninn

ra (to ride, swing)

r -

rei - reitt

riu

rii

riinn

ra (to writhe, knit)

r -

rei - reitt

riu

rii

riinn

rfa (to rive, tear)

rf -

reif - reift

rifu

rifi

rifinn

rsa (to rise)

rs -

reis - reist

risu

risi

risinn

rsta (to slash)

rst -

reist - reist

ristu

risti

ristinn

rta (to trench, to write)

rt -

reit - reizt

ritu

riti

ritinn

rja (to redden)

r - rjum

rau - rautt

ruu

ryi

roinn

rjta (to roar, snore)

rt - rjtum

raut - rauzt

rutu

ryti

roti

rjfa (to dissolve)

rf - rjfum

rauf - rauft

rufu

ryfi

rofinn

rjka (to reek, steam)

rk - rjkum

rauk - raukt

ruku

ryki

rokinn

ra (to row)

r - rm & rum

rri & reri

 

rri & reri

rinn

ryja (to rid, clear away)

ry - ryjum

ruddi

 

ryddi

ruddr, rutt, ruzt

rymja (to roar)

rymr -

rumi

 

 

 

rja (to pluck)

rr -

ri

 

ri

rinn

sama (to beseem)

samir -

sami

smu

semi

samat

s (to sow)

sr & sir -

sri & seri

sru

sri

sinn

seja (to satiate)

se - sejum

saddi

sddu

seddi

saddr, sdd, satt

SEGJA (to say)

segi - segjum

sagi

sgu

seg

sagr, sg, sagt

selja (to sell)

sel - seljum

seldi

 

seldi

seldr, selt

semja (to compose)

sem - semjum

sami

smu

semi

samr, sm

sera (stuprare = sexually defile )

def. -

sar

 

 

sorinn

SETJA (to set)

set - setjum

setti

 

setti

settr, sezk

SITJA (to sit)

sit - sitjum

sat - satzt

stu

sti

setinn

sa (to work a charm)

s -

sei

siu

 

siit

sga (to sink)

sg -

seig & sg

sigu

sigi

siginn

SJ (to see)

s - sjm

s - stt

s

si

snn sr , ssk

sja (to cook)

s - sjum

sau - sautt

suu

syi

soinn

sjga & sga (to suck)

sg - sjgum

saug & s - stt

sugu

syg

soginn

skafa (to scrape)

skef - skfum

skf - skft

skfu

skfi

skafinn

skaga (to jut out)

skagi - skgum

skagi

skgu

 

skagat

skaka (to shake)

skek - skkum

skk - skkt

skku

skki

skekinn

skapa (to shape, make)

skep - skpum

skp

skpu

 

 

skeja (to hurt)

sker -

skaddi

 

 

skaddr, skdd, skatt

skepja (to shape)

 

skapi

 

 

skapr

skera (to cut)

skerr -

skar - skart

skru

skri

skorinn

SKILJA (to separate, understand)

skil - skiljum

skili

 

skili

skilr, skilt, skilzk

skna (to shine)

sknn -

skein - skeint

skinu

skini

skininn

skta (cacare)

skt -

skeit

skitu

 

skitinn

skjalla (to clash)

skellr -

skall - skallt

skullu

skylli

skollinn

skjlfa (to shiver)

sklf - skjlfum

skalf - skalft

skulfu

skylfi

skolfit

skjta (to shoot)

skt - skjtum

skaut - skauzt

skutu

skyti

skotinn

skolla (to dangle)

skolli -

skolldi

 

 

skollat

skorta (to /lack)

skorti -

skorti

 

skyrti

skort

skreppa (to slip)

skrepp -

skrapp - skrappt

skruppu

skryppi

skroppinn

skra (to creep)

skr -

skrei - skreitt

skriu

skrii

skriinn

SKULU (shall)

skal, skalt - skulu

skyldi

 

skyldi

 

sl (to smite)

sl - slm

sl - sltt

slgu

slgi

sleginn

sleppa (to slip)

slepp -

slapp - slappt

sluppu

slyppi

sloppinn

slta (to slit)

slt -

sleit - sleizt

slitu

sliti

slitinn

slyngva and slngva (to sling)

slyng -

slaung

slungu

slyngvi

slunginn

slkkva (to extinguish) def.

slkk -

 

 

 

slokinn

smella (to smack) def.

smell -

small

 

 

 

smjga (to creep through)

smg - smjgum

smaug & sm

smugu

smygi

smoginn

smyrja (to anoint)

smyr - smyrjum

smuri

 

smyri

smurr

snerta (to touch)

snertr -

snart - snarzt

snurtu

snyrti

snortinn

sna (to slice)

sn -

snei - sneitt

sniu

snii

sniinn

snja (to snow) def.

snr -

 

 

 

snifinn

sna (to turn)

sn - snm

snri & sneri

snru

snri

sninn

snyja (to snuff)

def. -

snuddi

 

 

 

sofa (to sleep)

sfr & sefr - sofum

svaf - svaft

svfu & sfu

svfi

sofinn

sa (to sacrifice)

def. -

 

 

 

sit

spara (to spare)

spari - sprum

spari

spru

speri

sparat

sp (to spae, prophesy)

spi -

spi

 

 

sp

spenja (to decoy)

spenr - spenjum

spani

spnu

speni

spani, spn

sperna (to spurn)

def. -

sparn

 

 

 

spinna (to spin)

spinn -

spann - spannt

spunnu

spynni

spunninn