It is cognate to the name of the God Ing. Frey is often called 'Ingvi Frey', as I do myself in chapter 4 of volume I. Ingvi is also a way to say 'king' in skaldic poetry. It seems easy to see why most would attribute Ingwaz to Ingvi Frey. My main argument against this attribution is that the rune Ingwaz disappeared from the Viking Futhark (it is found only in the Older, or Germanic, Futhark). Frey was one of the most important Viking Gods, I cannot imagine why the Vikings would have deleted His rune.
It is generally given by the form , but also as a square , or even . The first two forms are only found in Futharks. They appeared for the first time in 450 and seem to represent the sound /ng/. The forms, appeared simultaneously and represent the sound /ing/. In fact, it corresponds to two linked runes, and Isaz, for the /i/ sound. The form appeared in 700 in the Anglo-Saxon runes.


Texts linked to Ingwaz

Since it was eliminated from the Viking Futhark, the only runic poem we are left with is from the Old English rune poem.

Old English rune poem

Ing among the East-Danes was first beheld by men,
until that later time when to the east
he made his departure over the wave,
followed by his chariot;
that was the name those stern warriors gave the hero.

Old English Rune Poem, as translated by Marijane Osborn

Ing was first noticed by northern eyes among the East Danes,
then moved away over the waves.
His wagon followed.
The Hardings gave that hero his name.

Edda (about Njörd)

He has power over the workings of the wind, and he calms the sea and fire; it is he who we must invoke for navigation and fishing. He is so rich and so fortunate that he can give, to those who invoke him for that, abondance of land and of furniture.


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