Cognates: German, Ur ('primordial', 'ancient') ; German, Auerochs ('aurochs'), English aurochs.
The German Ur is itself an old form of Auerochs, which explains the connection between Uruz and aurochs. Looking at even earlier origins, these words are related to a Indo-European root meaning damp, which led to urine (which kept the "ur" through the Latin language).
Its original form is that of an inversed V, . The forms and are found in almost equal number in the runic inscriptions dating between 200 and 400. The form began to dominate after 400. The angular form , which was then conserved, showed up in 450.

Texts related to Uruz

Old English Rune Poem

Ur (aurochs)
The aurochs is courageous and has huge horns,
a very fierce beast - it fights
With its horns -a notorious moor-stalker; that is a brave creature!

Old English Rune Poem, as translated by Marijane Osborn

The Ur-Ox is brave. She bristles with horns,
And fiercely will she fight with them,
Stomping her moors, a striking creature!

Second runic stanza of the Havamal

I know a second
Which is needed by the son of Man,
The one who wants to be a doctor.

Viking Rune Poem

Ur (drizzle, also translated as slag ) proceeds from brittle iron.
The reindeer often runs on icy snow.

Icelandic Rune Poem

Ur (drizzle) are the clouds' tears,
The destruction of harvesting,
The hatred of the shepherds.

Kalevala (The Origin of iron)

The daughters... expressed their milk upon the earth,
Letting their breasts burst ...
She who expressed black milk,
From her, was born soft iron;
The one that expressed white milk,
From her were made all things steel;
She who poured out red milk,
From her we obtained cast iron.


... Yggdrasil,
The proud sacred tree,
Covered with a white slime,
From which comes the dew
That runs down below in the valleys.

Kalevala (on water and drizzle)

Water is the oldest of ointments
The drizzle of waterfalls is the most ancient Katsehista
[something coming from the sorcerer's eye . It comes from "katse," to
look, and "hista" small demon]

Kalevala (the search for medicines)

... He sent
His son into the workshop
To prepare a balm
From these bails of hay,
From the points of the one with the thousand leaves
Who spills honey on the earth,
From where flows a brooklet of mead.
... He met an oak tree,
He asked this oak tree:
Do you have honey on your branches,
Or mead on your bark?

Celtic Tales

Cuchulain was lying sick, and Senoll Uathach the Hideous and Ficce's two sons were the first to find him. They brought him with them to Cornwall where they treated his wounds and washed them in water from the river Sas, for his comfort, in water from the river Buan, for his firmness, Bithslan for lasting health, in the clear Finnglas, the brilliant Gleoir, the rash Bedc; in the Tadc, the Talamed, the Rinn and the Bir, in the sour Brenide and the narrow Cumang; in the Celenn and the Gaenemain, the Dichu, the Muach and the Miliuc, the Den, the Deilt and the Dubglas. When Cuchulain bathed in these waters ...

Nordic Magic Healing, Chapter 3 of Volume 1

With the Lakota, there is a constant myth of the mother aurochs, particularly the female albino aurochs. These Lakota hunted the "white buffalo". We find this sentence in the book, Hanta Yo: The tribe will never die of hunger when the hide of a white buffalo is hung from a tree. A white buffalo is also explicitly the initiator of a young shaman.

Kalevala (Origin of water dragons)

From water the water snake was born
and the cowbane from the waves
from the callow's [
harelde] good brains, from
inside the sea-swallow's (falarope) head.
On the waters the Ogress [
spat, dropped a blob on the waves;
the water stretched it long
the sun shone till it was soft.
Then the wind lulled it
and the water's breath rocked it;
the billows washed it ashore
and the surf steered it to land.

Sigrdrifumal (Runes of Branches)

Branch runes shall you know
If you wish to be a healer
And to know how to see to wounds.
On bark shall they be cut
And on needles of the tree
Whose limbs lean to the east.
You must know the runes of Branches
If you want to be a doctor
Who knows how to probe wounds;
On bark you must engrave them
On the twigs of a tree
The large branches of which stretch toward the East.

They are engraved ...
on the eagle's beak.

[Uruz is engraved on the eagle's beak. The eagle, as Siberian tales say, is
sent by the Gods to teach his art to the first shaman.]

Groa's Blessing

Here is what I sing for you in the eighth place:
If you are surprised outside
At night on a dark path,
I wish for you to avoid
The evil that a dead Christian woman
Could make for you

Busla's Second Curse

I wish you evil
In your breast
That venomous vipers
gnaw your heart,
That your ears
Are forever deaf,
And your eyes
become wall-eyed forever!

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Fehu Uruz Thurisaz Ansuz Raido Kaunan Gebo Wunjo
Haglaz Naudiz Isaz Jeran Ihwaz Pertho Algiz Sowelo
Tiwaz Berkanan Ehwaz Mannaz Laukaz Ingwaz Dagaz Othala