Where does rune come from?
Disclaimer! This is not meant to be any authority or completed work, all comments, suggestions and additions are welcome.
We can trace its roots back to a Proto-Indo-European echoic base, *reu- 'to give hoarse cries, mutter'
PIE *reu- then gave Proto-Germanic *runo
which gave Old Norse ru:n and Old English run which didn't survive, and Middle Dutch rune, Old High German runa, and Gothic runa.
Old Norse ru:n is the source for some borrowings: rune in modern English (via runic in Latin) and Finnish runo 'poem', 'canto'.
The English development of the word rune is nonetheless interesting. We find that the first recorded instances of the borrowed form of rune (i.e. runic) occur around 1662. Following its earliest developments we find:
PIE *reu- also gave raucus 'hoarse' which we have still in modern English and Latin rumor which then gave through Old French the Middle English rumour. In Old English we also find the cognates reon 'to lament' and reotan 'to complain'.
PIE *reu- is also said to have given Welsh rhin meaning 'secret'. Old Irish also has rhin meaning 'secret', but it isn't clear whether this happened through original relationship or borrowing (what can be said is that rune is not attested as a name of the Celtic characters).
And we find from *reus- to 'to dig ', Old Church Slavic ryti 'to dig'., with expansion lithuanian ruobti 'to incise', with a more developed meaning in Middle Dutch 'cut stallion', and in High German (col.) 'to cut down'.
Although I am not stating that there is an etymological link between rune and rovás, I would like to offer what I was able to find on it for interest's sake.
ró- = carve, engrave; notch; rovásirás = runic writing
(irás = writing) (Magyar - According to MÉK, of F-U origin) // rogőm
= cut out, etc. (Kanty) / roe, rue- = chop, cut (with an
axe, etc.), hew (Mari) // [? hur = outline, scratch; draw, inscribe, sketch
the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language
the Barnhart Concise Dictionary of Etymology
Webster's NewWorld Dictionary
Peter Chong's Ural Altaic Etymology Dictionary words
referenced by Hungarian root words
|runic inscriptions||rune pages||references||ancient lore||ÞÓRSDRÁPA(Français) - in English|
|buddha-bøtte||healing galdor||charms||links||etymology of rune||HRAFNAGALDUR
Français- - - English
|lithuanian folklore||nordic magic healing||rovás||email lists||feminine magic - Français||NMH home|
on the Heathen past ---
Témoignages d'un passé paien